There was a significant change in the apostles’ understanding of the kingdom of God between Acts chapter one and chapter three – before and after the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
Acts 1:6 – “Will You at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?”
Yeshua taught His disciples much about the kingdom of God after His resurrection (Acts 1:3). That vision was based in Israel and extended to the nations. Apparently the disciples heard the Israel part but missed the International part. That is why Yeshua told His disciples that they should be witness of Him “from Jerusalem, Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth” – Acts 1:8.
When Shimon (Peter) spoke a few weeks later in the Temple courtyards, he phrased his statement about the kingdom in a way which included the expansion of both time and quantity. “…Messiah Yeshua, whom the heavens must receive until the time of the restoration of all things” – Acts 3:21. He understood that Yeshua will not return until the spiritual foundations for the kingdom of God on the whole earth will be made ready.
Peter’s view of the kingdom had enlarged not only from Israel to the nations, but to “all things” – including all things in creation, both in heaven and on earth (Ephesians 1:10; Colossians 1:16). The plan of the kingdom of God provides full restoration for everything spoken of in the Bible, both past and future. The Hebrew translation for the word “restoration” is Tikkun.
This is a comprehensive definition of the kingdom of God: the restoration of all things. This was the vision of the early apostles. Let’s make it ours as well.